Unity, and Ubuntu Light

Monday, May 10th, 2010

A few months ago we took on the challenge of building a version of Ubuntu for the dual-boot, instant-on market. We wanted to be surfing the web in under 10 seconds, and give people a fantastic web experience. We also wanted it to be possible to upgrade from that limited usage model to a full desktop.

The fruit of that R&D is both a new desktop experience codebase, called Unity, and a range of Light versions of Ubuntu, both netbook and desktop, that are optimised for dual-boot scenarios.

The dual-boot, web-focused use case is sufficiently different from general-purpose desktop usage to warrant a fresh look at the way the desktop is configured. We spent quite a bit of time analyzing screenshots of a couple of hundred different desktop configurations from the current Ubuntu and Kubuntu user base, to see what people used most. We also identified the things that are NOT needed in lightweight dual-boot instant-on offerings. That provided us both with a list of things to focus on and make rich, and a list of things we could leave out.

Instant-on products are generally used in a stateless fashion. These are “get me to the web asap” environments, with no need of heavy local file management. If there is content there, it would be best to think of it as “cloud like” and synchronize it with the local Windows environment, with cloud services and other devices. They are also not environments where people would naturally expect to use a wide range of applications: the web is the key, and there may be a few complementary capabilities like media playback, messaging, games, and the ability to connect to local devices like printers and cameras and pluggable media.

We also learned something interesting from users. It’s not about how fast you appear to boot. It’s about how fast you actually deliver a working web browser and Internet connection. It’s about how fast you have a running system that is responsive to the needs of the user.

Unity: a lightweight netbook interface

There are several driving forces behind the result.

The desktop screenshots we studied showed that people typically have between 3 and 10 launchers on their panels, for rapid access to key applications. We want to preserve that sense of having a few favorite applications that are instantly accessible. Rather than making it equally easy to access any installed application, we assume that almost everybody will run one of a few apps, and they need to switch between those apps and any others which might be running, very easily.

We focused on maximising screen real estate for content. In particular, we focused on maximising the available vertical pixels for web browsing. Netbooks have screens which are wide, but shallow. Notebooks in general are moving to wide screen formats. So vertical space is more precious than horizontal space.

We also want to embrace touch as a first class input. We want people to be able to launch and switch between applications using touch, so the launcher must be finger friendly.

Those constraints and values lead us to a new shape for the desktop, which we will adopt in Ubuntu’s Netbook Edition for 10.10 and beyond.

First, we want to move the bottom panel to the left of the screen, and devote that to launching and switching between applications. That frees up vertical space for web content, at the cost of horizontal space, which is cheaper in a widescreen world. In Ubuntu today the bottom panel also presents the Trash and Show Desktop options, neither of which is relevant in a stateless instant-on environment.

Second, we’ll expand that left-hand launcher panel so that it is touch-friendly. With relatively few applications required for instant-on environments, we can afford to be more generous with the icon size there. The Unity launcher will show what’s running, and support fast switching and drag-and-drop between applications.

Third, we will make the top panel smarter. We’ve already talked about adopting a single global menu, which would be rendered by the panel in this case. If we can also manage to fit the window title and controls into that panel, we will have achieved very significant space saving for the case where someone is focused on a single application at a time, and especially for a web browser.

We end up with a configuration like this:

Mockup of Unity

Mockup of Unity Launcher and Panel with maximised application

The launcher and panel that we developed in response to this challenge are components of Unity. They are now in a state where they can be tested widely, and where we can use that testing to shape their evolution going forward. A development milestone of Unity is available today in a PPA, with development branches on Launchpad, and I’d very much like to get feedback from people trying it out on a netbook, or even a laptop with a wide screen. Unity is aimed at full screen applications and, as I described above, doesn’t really support traditional file management. But it’s worth a spin, and it’s very easy to try out if you have Ubuntu 10.04 LTS installed already.

Ubuntu Light

Instant-on, dual boot installations are a new frontier for us. Over the past two years we have made great leaps forward as a first class option for PC OEM’s, who today ship millions of PC’s around the world with Ubuntu pre-installed. But traditionally, it’s been an “either/or” proposition – either Windows in markets that prefer it, or Ubuntu in markets that don’t. The dual-boot opportunity gives us the chance to put a free software foot forward even in markets where people use Windows as a matter of course.

And it looks beautiful:

Ubuntu Light

Ubuntu Light, showing the Unity launcher and panel

In those cases, Ubuntu Netbook Light, or Ubuntu Desktop Light, will give OEM’s the ability to differentiate themselves with fast-booting Linux offerings that are familiar to Ubuntu users and easy to use for new users, safe for web browsing in unprotected environments like airports and hotels, focused on doing that job very well, but upgradeable with a huge list of applications, on demand. The Light versions will also benefit from the huge amount of work done on every Ubuntu release to keep it maintained – instant-on environments need just as much protection as everyday desktops, and Ubuntu has a deep commitment to getting that right.

The Ubuntu Light range is available to OEM’s today. Each image will be hand-crafted to boot fastest on that specific hardware, the application load reduced to the minimum, and it comes with tools for Windows which assist in the management of the dual-boot experience. Initially, the focus is on the Netbook Light version based on Unity, but in future we expect to do a Light version of the desktop, too.

Given the requirement to customise the Light versions for specific hardware, there won’t be a general-purpose downloadable image of Ubuntu Light on ubuntu.com.

Evolving Unity for Ubuntu Netbook Edition 10.10

Unity exists today, and is great for the minimalist, stateless configurations that suit a dual-boot environment. But in order embrace it for our Netbook UI, we’ll need to design some new capabilities, and implement them during this cycle.

Those design conversations are taking place this week at UDS, just outside Brussels in Belgium. If you can’t be there in person, and are interested in the design challenges Unity presents for the netbook form factor, check out the conference schedule and participate in the discussion virtually.

The two primary pieces we need to put in place are:

  • Support for many more applications, and adding / removing applications. Instant-on environments are locked down, while netbook environments should support anybody’s applications, not just those favored in the Launcher.
  • Support for file management, necessary for an environment that will be the primary working space for the user rather than an occasional web-focused stopover.

We have an initial starting point for the design, called the Dash, which presents files and applications as an overlay. The inspiration for the Dash comes from consoles and devices, which use full-screen, media-rich presentation. We want the Dash to feel device-like, and use the capabilities of modern hardware.

Unity Dash

The Unity Dash, showing the Applications Place

The instant-on requirements and constraints proved very useful in shaping our thinking, but the canvas is still blank for the more general, netbook use case. Unity gives us the chance to do something profoundly new and more useful, taking advantage of ideas that have emerged in computing from the console to the handheld.

Relationship to Gnome Shell

Unity and Gnome Shell are complementary for the Gnome Project. While Gnome Shell presents an expansive view of how people work in complex environments with multiple simultaneous activities, Unity is designed to address the other end of the spectrum, where people are focused on doing one thing at any given time.

Unity does embrace the key technologies of Gnome 3: Mutter, for window management, and Zeitgeist will be an anchor component of our file management approach. The interface itself is built in Clutter.

The design seed of Unity was in place before Gnome Shell, and we decided to build on that for the instant-on work rather than adopt Gnome Shell because most of the devices we expect to ship Ubuntu Light on are netbooks. In any event, Unity represents the next step for the Ubuntu Netbook UI, optimised for small screens.

The Ubuntu Netbook interface is popular with Gnome users and we’re fortunate to be working inside an open ecosystem that encourages that level of diversity. As a result, Gnome has offerings for mobile, netbook and desktop form factors. Gnome is in the lucky position of having multiple vendors participating and solving different challenges independently. That makes Gnome stronger.

Relationship to FreeDesktop and KDE

Unity complies with freedesktop.org standards, and is helping to shape them, too. We would like KDE applications to feel welcome on a Unity-based netbook. We’re using the Ayatana indicators in the panel, so KDE applications which use AppIndicators will Just Work. And to the extent that those applications take advantage of the Messaging Menu, Sound Indicator and Me Menu, they will be fully integrated into the Unity environment. We often get asked by OEM’s how they can integrate KDE applications into their custom builds of Ubuntu, and the common frameworks of freedesktop.org greatly facilitate doing so in a smooth fashion.

Looking forward to the Maverick Meerkat

It will be an intense cycle, if we want to get all of these pieces in line. But we think it’s achievable: the new launcher, the new panel, the new implementation of the global menu and an array of indicators. Things have accelerated greatly during Lucid so if we continue at this pace, it should all come together. Here’s to a great summer of code.

176 Responses to “Unity, and Ubuntu Light”

  1. Owais Lone Says:

    We have the future.. truly.

  2. Andrew Ampers Taylor Says:

    Interesting, and I like the softly, softly, catchee monkey approach. With a web “10 seconds and in” approach as a dual boot, it will attract netbook and notebook users to use it when on the move and, when they see how much battery they save, get them looking more at Linux, and perhaps dual booting – at first – on their desktop.

    I think 12.04 will be the beginning of Ubuntu making Windows users start to sit up and take notice.

    It is easy to see how Mark made nearly six hundred million dollars by the time he was twenty-four!


  3. Leon Handreke Says:

    Not quite sure what to think of this – I really like the new interface and the whole concept but as far as I understood, the current Ubuntu Netbook Remix interface will disappear. Only one year ago, UNR was the hot new thing, a solid foundation for the future. Today it’s obsolete. (Please correct me if I got anything wrong here…).

    Nevertheless, I wish the Ubuntu Project good luck with their new project and am hoping for widespread adoption!

    Mark Shuttleworth: I understand your point, and it’s a good one. Unity is an evolution of the UNR interface, but it’s a pretty radical step.

  4. Stu Smith Says:

    Looks fantastic – love the concept – and would love to see a general purpose version of this. Imagine an installer I could run on my hopelessly slow 1Gb Vista laptop, that would do the partitioning and boot setup for me – an option like that would transform that machine into something useful, and yet keep Windows for non-browsing use.

    Great stuff!

  5. George Brooke Says:

    Are there Unity/Ubuntu Light packages built for arm devices anywhere?

  6. Nathan Haines Says:

    I listened to the keynote and it was exciting and inspirational. I feel like communication is opening up again, and it feels so good. With Canonical on one end and the community on the other, Ubuntu has the potential to really be the best and I think that this potential has been shown and is will continue to be proven and achieved as we go on to maverick and beyond.

  7. biju Says:

    looks like a good idea. I hope you don’t get bogged down by the politics of GNOME. Depending on GNOME-3.0 technologies is a good idea? will it deliver?

    I understand the code maintenance argument, but…. GNOME threw a lot of stuff away from 1x. I think it was jwz who posted about patches to it, no longer being accepted. Won’t GNOME-3.0 be KDE4.0/GNOME2.0 all over again?

    thank you for the attempts at innovation.

  8. mmiicc Says:

    I’d love to test it on Nokia N900!

  9. Sander D Says:

    Looks cool for netbooks. Will Chromium be used by default?

    Please consider working with the GNOME Shell team to provide an apps and file management interface that looks like theirs. It will eventually make switching between general GNOME computers and Ubuntu netbooks much easier. Their work is well researched and seems at least partly compatible with your ideas.


  10. Ubuntu Light y Unity, a por los netbooks | MuyLinux Says:

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  11. Ubuntu Developer Summit Keynote – Unity | popey.com blog Says:

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  13. Liu Mingwei Says:

    Good news! Maybe some old machine should have new life.

  14. Emilis Says:

    If you are moving in this direction, you can also get rid of the top panel. Or at least redesign it, because top panel+titlebar looks messy in the “Ubuntu Light” screenshot.

    I have been working in a similar desktop on my wide-screen laptop for nearly a year now. I feel much more productive. It took me some time and skills to configure it, but the tools are already available. I use Openbox+Tint2+Conky and some other lightweight utilities. Also consider including something similar to Tree Style Tab extension for Firefox:
    Since you are talking about getting users to the browser faster, you may as well tweak the browser to work better in this environment.

    It is more natural when window/tab hierarchy flows from left to right, than from left and then from top.

    Good luck!

  15. Knef Says:

    Meerkat sure is shaping up nicely. I am, however, skeptical about the Unity launcher. While vertical space is surely scarce on netbooks, their most common horizontal resolution (1024px) is still considered the minimum from most webdesigner. Won’t a ever present vertical dock lead to horizontal scrolling in most pages?

  16. Alexander M Says:

    This is looking really good, and I appreciate Canonical and the Ubuntu community’s effort to optimise the OS experience for netbook users. This release is going to be excellent.

    A few thoughts from looking at the screenshot:
    • You want to monopolise vertical pixels, so why keep the horizontal panel at the top of the screen? Either make it vertical on the right side of the screen, or incorporate its features into the Unity launcher on the left.
    • You can keep a very usable search function in the vertical format by making it a pop-up (like Spotlight in Mac OS X) – it requires no more clicks/touches than the existing one, and only uses screen space when its in use.
    • Applications like Chromium have optimised full-screen interfaces which hide the window’s titlebar (try pressing F11 in Chromium or Firefox): use them. Either tweak the Chromium source in the Ubuntu packages, make a plugin, or somehow fool Chromium into going full-screen without covering the Unity launcher & panel.

    Otherwise, I can’t say I could’ve done as good a job from scratch. Great work =D

  17. Akshat Jain Says:

    I thought about sticking to 10.04(due to gnome-shell issues) but looks like 10.10 will be an awesome one.

  18. m0n5t3r Says:

    hopefully the Unity bar autohides; otherwise, it looks nice, except… something’s redundant over there: the title bar; after updating to Lucid the first thing I did was to re-enable maximus (the most useful thing in the netbook remix bundle), I simply can’t afford losing 24 of my 600px tall screen; oh, and I moved window buttons back to the right, cloning the “mac look” was a dumb move, to say the least :-/

    Also check the Aurora project, they are on the right path when it comes to maximising screen use

  19. Omer Akram Says:

    I have a little concern here. I am atm using the unity session and every website I open on my netbook their is a horizontal scroll even this blog cant be viewed correctly unless I make the text zoom out :(

  20. John McGuckian Says:

    Looks interesting.

    If you’re starting to focus on dual-boot setups now does that mean that Grub2 will get some love in this release? A simple graphical boot loader by default would surely leave a better impression with non-technical users than a screen of text with unfamiliar and possibly intimidating words/options.

    Obviously it would be great to see this across all of the Ubuntu family and not just netbooks…

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  22. Anzan Says:

    Ah, I had been wondering how this direction would move together with or against GNOME 3.0.

    I think that Canonical really should work directly with GNOME devs on this.

  23. lzap Says:

    Thats what Linux on desktops/netbooks need. Good.

  24. Unity, la nueva interfaz para netbooks de Ubuntu | Ubunlog Says:

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  25. zelrik Says:

    I really like the screenshot of ubuntu light. One thing to consider though:

    The ‘x’ to close the window is surrounded by many other interactive buttons/fields. I fear that people using a touchscreen will often close the window by mistake while wanting to click on that search field just above it. One way to fix that for touchscreens would be to enable a gesture to close windows instead of the ‘x’. Just a thought…

  26. Unity: Ubuntu 的新 Netbook shell - IT小弄堂 Says:

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  27. Dave Says:

    Ubuntu + touch will change the world (TM) :-)

  28. Unity e Ubuntu Light – Screenshots, caratteristiche e installazione Says:

    […] In questo articolo ho cercato di darvi un’idea generale di queste due novità, per approfondire vi consiglio il post di Mark che trovate qui. […]

  29. Justin Says:

    hey mark, i love what you are doing with ubuntu, but don’t you think this will confuse people between the unity ( ubuntu ) and unity ( produced by unity technologies) ?

  30. Disfunctions.de » Blog Archiv » Ubuntu Unity / Instant On Says:

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  31. ash Says:

    It’s instructive to compare this with Windows 7 (often comes installed on modern netbooks). Recipe: 1. move default taskbar to the left and 2. use Chrome. The result is pretty good, I think:


  32. xfuser4 Says:

    I really like your ideas. It gives a fresh visionary thinking to Ubuntu. Mark, your resignment from CEO seems to be the right decision!

    The only problem I see currently is, that there is a gap between the upstream GNOME development and the stuff Canonical does on Ubuntu. The Ubuntu version of GNOME seems to diverge somehow from the GNOME project. Especially the gap between GNOME Shell and the GNOME environment which is delivered by Ubuntu is growing. And for me, the visions with regard to usability and design that are produced by the Ubuntu projects looking more seminal, than the official visions of GNOME Shell. (On the other hand, the improvements on the technological side of GNOME are mostly done by the GNOME project…)

    It would be wise to merge your efforts…

  33. Erlan Sergaziev Says:

    I like the ideas presented here, but if you read the mockups and design docs of Gnome Shell you’ll see that their developments are also based on sound professional research. I fear there will be too much fragmentation in Linux UI.

    If there are serious problems with Gnome Shell, I think Ubuntu devs should speak firmly and openly. I can well understand that their way is a dead end, but it’s better to know now.

    I tried Gnome Shell myself and liked it except that it lacked too many features. Now if the most popular Linux distro is not going to embrace it, there’s little hope Gnome Shell will develop fast enough.

  34. Dylan McCall Says:

    I love Ubuntu Lite already. This could be a really nice step.

    Touch support interests me, too, because it tends to either work really well or really poorly :)
    (Unfortunately, desktop OSs tend to prefer the latter).

    Do you think client support for xinput 2 (importantly, MPX) would be in good shape for the next LTS? I think it would be an important part of the difference between mediocre touch and awesome touch. I think, in the ideal world, the mouse would be given a different pointer than the touch screen so the two don’t interfere with each other, and could be used simultaneously. In addition, the touch screen pointer could be invisible while the mouse pointer would still be visible at all times, which strikes me as a bit better than disappearing the pointer when the screen is touched.

    Oops, started day dreaming there. We are almost in the unique position of being able to do that :)
    Has your team investigated that part of the equation, or could you maybe elaborate a tad on how far the touch stuff is aiming? I’m always interested to know about movement in that space.

  35. J. Mohn Says:

    Was KDE Plasma Netbook considered as an option for a new UI ?

  36. Ergon Baraztreo Rothschildt Says:

    I really would like to makle my current ubuntu installation a light one – running only withwhat is needed, no hal, no gnome-daemons, no evolution-daemon, just a very slim x-desktop and nothing else. unfortunately the dependencies in ubuntu packaging are so that it is not very easy to get such a system. Please give us a simple “install very light ubuntu” option with the current ubuntu release. BTW fighting bloat is fighting earth destruction, as bloat is consumibng too much energy! Thanks!

  37. Ubuntu Light mit neuer Unity-Shell für Netbooks vorgestellt | Netbooknews.de - das Netbook Blog Says:

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  38. Miz Says:

    Very good competition for Chromium OS. And I think touch-friendliness is very important in this case. I hope there will be OEM manufacturers who will install this dualbooted on their PC’s so users get to meet Ubuntu and maybe install the full Ubuntu later on.

  39. Ubuntu Light, ¿el futuro de Ubuntu para netbooks? « Doculinux Says:

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  41. Aneesh Kumar K.V Says:

    I understand that attention is giving to touchscreen interface. But you also mention keyboard driven. I also found that notebook form-factor makes mouse driven interface really difficult and would really like a fully keyboard driven gnome for such setup. Something I always wanted

    a) gnome-do driven app start
    b) All gnome-related goodies (starting gnome-session from conf file)
    b) tiling support by (full screen/horizontal split/vertical split). (awesome)
    c) really lightweight

    It would be really nice to get all these things in unity

  42. Aneesh Kumar K.V Says:

    How do i edit already posted comments ? What i mentioned in ‘()’ is the tool i currently use to achieve the functionality.

  43. ethana2 Says:

    Seeing Chromium there makes me very, very happy. Considering browser startup part of boot time certainly makes it a solid contender.

    Epiphany and Midori may also be good to consider once they pick up a JIT like V8 or SFX.

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  45. Marco Diego Aurélio Mesquita Says:

    Do you plan to deliver Ubuntu Light in any bios rom? Having ubuntu in many mother-boards would significantly increase ubuntu’s user base.

  46. devnet Says:

    Hey thanks for the shout out Mark!

    Us Unity Linux devs are glad you chose our name for your name!

    Mark Shuttleworth: No harm intended! It’s a lovely name :-) And ours is just the name of a component, so we hope you don’t mind too much.

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  48. Max Says:

    It is beautiful, but it isn’t practical; the top-left of the screen is phenomenally cluttered.

  49. raffraffraff Says:

    What about dispensing with the upper window decoration entirely and put the window buttons into the application’s “window list” entry on the panel? There’s a Firefox extension that does something similar with tabs – adding a “close tab” button on each individual tab. Perhaps this wouldn’t be a good idea on a powerful workstation that you’re going to run 5+ apps simultaneously, but on a netbook, you’d gain a few extra vertical pixels.

  50. Pererik87 Says:

    This looks blody brilliant.


    Im a bit worried in keyboard navigation. I like to navigate fast using the keyboard without typing anything.

    This is currently a bit slow and buggy on current netbook remix(mainly the application launcher menu is slow because of fading and it doesn’t always instantly appear).

    Will the new menu be reacting instantly on keyboard gestures??

    Then users can quickly navigate(not only switch windows but open new programs etc) faster. many people i know and myself is always having the left hand resting on the alt key area to do gestures for navigation its always faster that way. (instead of moving the pointer to the menu, moving it where you know you are going to click in the next window).

    Per Erik

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  53. Black God Says:

    It seems to be a wonderful opportunity for Ubuntu to reach Windows users. Definitely OEM will highlight it very well, which will make Windows user to look into it for some quick lookup (like airport, coffee shop).

    I am noticing some clutter on top left corner – since we support touch input also – it needs some care. Other than this it look fantastic. Kudos to you and your team!

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  56. Antoine Says:

    Cool, now lose _everything_ taking up vertical space from the browser/application.

    This includes the Gnome Panel, the window title bar, the tab bar and the address bar.

    There’s plenty of horizontal space to put all of these and then some.

    Some positive steps forward already though!

  57. Milan Says:

    Dear Mark, I have read your post about the development of Unity for netbooks, and I applaude your good intentions. As I am new to Linux, I would ask on behalf of myself and other “newbies”,that you make the installation as easy as possible, without the need to spend hrs on these fourums, trying to sort out problems. My experience in the past with these so called “dual boots”, is that they have never worked, and I have had to reinstall my Windows XP.

    So good luck with your project, but remember we are not all up to your or even near expetise in all things Linux.

    Regards Milan

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  59. Milan Says:

    This is not spam. Just because I’ve never posted on this forumn, doesn’t make it spam!

    Yours Milan

    PS does this mean my e-mail inbox is now going to be swamped with spam.

  60. devicerandom Says:

    I don’t get it. Why a Windows user should want to reboot to use the web, and then reboot back to use the Windows partition? It makes no sense to me. If we talk virtualization, OK, but it seems another thing.

  61. KDulcimer Says:

    Did you guys know that there’s a Unity Linux which is a derivative of Mandriva?

  62. Chauncellor Says:

    The dramatic steps toward maturity in not only Ubuntu but projects such as GNOME have been making me think of this commercial:


    Free software may or may not become “winners”, per se, but it’s very nice to see the community as a whole become more mature. A big example is finally stepping away from broken projects with no direction like Compiz.

  63. Pedro_PL Says:

    Go Ubuntu, GO :)

  64. Chauncellor Says:

    Also, are the new windicators going to be present with Light?

  65. Matthew Dawkins Says:

    Hmm there’s already a unity linux project going on?!?! Here comes the confusion.

  66. JMiahMan Says:

    Interesting how the “unity” netbook interface look kinda similar to the kde4 netbook interface, I wonder if the two projects can learn from each other.

    Also there’s a Linux Distribution already called Unity-Linux. I hope this doesn’t cause too much confusion.

  67. Mark Shuttleworth » Blog Archive » Unity, and Ubuntu Light - http Says:

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  68. Luca Ferretti Says:

    Just to be pedantic, it’s GNOME, not Gnome :)

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  70. Marcin Says:

    I’m making almost the same comment second time (first one with previous post). This is not spam, but rather serious doubt.

    I’m looking into Ubuntu 10.04 and I have one suggestion – maybe instead of implementing such ideas you should rather think about improving existing parts, which are “below” ?

    I made some tests last time: http://translate.google.pl/translate?js=y&prev=_t&hl=pl&ie=UTF-8&layout=1&eotf=1&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.mwiacek.com%2Fwww%2F%3Fq%3Dnode%2F156&sl=pl&tl=en (link to Google translation from Polish to English language)

    Some examples (partially from the text): with 256 MB RAM system is starting using swap memory after using less than half of RAM, there are some issues with dependencies (my try of installing KDE failed), there were some issues for example with fonts after installing KDE, I have not seen one consistent device manager (which could show me info about all found devices, info, which driver is used and options for selecting correct driver) and notifications about unknown devices, etc. etc.

    If you want to make some revolution ideas: maybe it would good to think about microkernel architecture or more virtualization (like having all main packages in filesystems put physically in archive files)…

    KDE 4 is not looking too interesting for me. If you want to convince people, maybe instead of another revolution interface you should think first about giving really rock stable system ? Current Ubuntu is example of hard work, but is not such system in 100%.

  71. Jef Spaleta Says:

    Now I’m confused.

    You stated in this blog that Unity is designed to be touch-centric.

    But the global menu/application design is specifically not touch-centric in that you have to mouse over or keyboard hot key click to switch between global and application menu. What are you going to do to make the global-menu design also touch-friendly?

    And what about ARM? You moved to EFL for the ARM UNE specifically because getting non-proprietary accelerated hardware support that clutter needs in ARM is difficult. Are you basically saying that Canonical is going to fork its own design goals so that Ubuntu experience on ARM netbook diverges from the Intel netbook experience?
    Is Canonical going to commit engineering resource to work on open accelerated drivers for ARM and get them committed to upstream so Unity can be used on ARM hardware?


  72. Darren Says:

    I like the idea of the left menu, but many netbooks have only 1024px of horizontal space. More and more websites seem to be using a 1024px fixed width layout (instead of 800px). With the menu on the left, won’t that cause a lot of horizontal scrolling?

    Mark Shuttleworth: Yes, there’s some risk of an irritating horizontal scrollbar.

  73. Tyler Brainerd Says:

    What are the chances of using the unity shell as a 10 second boot to web, and then having the rest of Ubuntu load in the background? The ability to have internet in 10 seconds and then switching to full ubuntu once it loads without losing a beat… oh man. But then again, its only saving like 10 seconds.

  74. yman Says:

    If you compare the screenshot to the mock-up, it’s quite obviouse they are not there yet.

  75. La nueva interfaz para UNBR : Unity | conecti.ca Says:

    […] es costumbre Mark Shuttleworth anuncia a través de su blog las novedades que vendrán en las próximas versiones de sus sistemas […]

  76. Ubuntu unity » Shane Fagan Says:

    […] browser alone. I just love that its made to be more touch/net book oriented. You can find more info here. May 10, 2010 | Shane | Tags: 7 seconds, Canonical, Chrome OS, Netbooks, Touch, Ubuntu, Unity, […]

  77. Aigars Mahinovs Says:

    How about this – for touch navigation all the interactions with window title bar are too hard – the title bar is simply too small for touch input, so why don’t we make it bigger when needed? We could provide a kind of ‘titlebar zoom’ – you click or touch the middle of a title bar of an application and it doubles or even triples in size until the next click scaling all control elements up, so they are easier to hit accurately. What do you think about that?

    Also you could make ‘close’ a bit harder to touch by accident, up to even restricting it to click only and only be ‘touch-able’ when zoomed in.

    This would improve the ‘close’ button minefield situation and also improve touch-usability of the upcoming windlets.

  78. Mark Shuttleworth presenta Unity « Gabuntu Says:

    […] } En el pasado keynote, Mark Shuttleworth presentó algo nuevo llamado Unity. Bueno y, ¿qué es Unity? Unity es una […]

  79. Ubuntu Light con Unity arranca en 7 segundos | despuesdegoogle Says:

    […] anuncio, en el blog de Mark Shuttlerworlth Vía Seamos […]

  80. Stephen McDonald Says:

    For many years now the first thing I’ve always done with a new install of Ubuntu or even Windows is to have a single panel on the left hand side of the screen, with over-sized icons for the most commonly used applications. For me it’s an obvious choice to have these icons as easily clickable as possible while maximizing wide-screen real estate with a right-hand side panel. I’m sure this is the case for many people so I’m glad to see a major vendor has finally caught onto this setup!

  81. Stephen McDonald Says:

    Oops! I meant left-hand side panel in my last comment.

  82. Links 10/5/2010: Loads of GNU/Linux Gaming News, Mandriva Rumours | Techrights Says:

    […] Unity, and Ubuntu Light The fruit of that R&D is both a new desktop experience codebase, called Unity, and a range of Light versions of Ubuntu, both netbook and desktop, that are optimised for dual-boot scenarios. […]

  83. Frank Earl Says:

    Heh…Mark, you really should consider a pre-built version of Light that’d work on most OEM (Dell, for example…) and whitebox/DIY systems out of the gate. It should be configurable out the wazoo for custom hardware- but this interface you’re showing us…it’s NICE and it’s one of the option choices we really, really should have for people without them needing to jump through flaming hoops to get.

  84. JakeT Says:

    The idea of utilizing device-style overlays, rather than space-wasting panels/dialogs/etc is a GREAT idea. Glad to see that moving towards the desktop.

  85. Ubuntu Light – Pe web în 7 secunde! « Cracknel's Blog Says:

    […] http://www.markshuttleworth.com/archives/383 […]

  86. Warren Says:

    Hey Mark!

    Quite trying to make Linux look like Windoze! No one likes it. Why do you think everyone leaves Ubuntu as soon as they get comfortable enough to try another distro? Just get Valve to make a native Steam Client and the user base will sky rocket. Video games are very important to the PC. Microsoft realized this. Hence DirectX/Xbox. Get the gamers on your side and the war is half way won. IMO anyways. As for trying to improve the desktop? Quite making decisions for users. I left Ubuntu after 9.04 cause I don’t like how GDM is not customizable anymore, Add/Remove turned into this gross bloated GUI, the panels changed, everything changed. Linux users like a real basic framework and lots of options for customization. Thats the funnest part about Linux is knowing “Can I do … something something something?” The answer is always “YES!” except for games, and Adobe. Your a person that could change this. Then the real game would be fair. IMO anyways.

  87. getoutofhere Says:

    Why did Ubuntu pick the name Unity Desktop when there is already a Unity-Linux distribution? Seems like there is going to be some serious confusion going on!

  88. Phil Salkie Says:

    How nice – Ubuntu Light looks amazingly like my Kubuntu KDE3.5 remix desktop! Wide, vertical panel (mine’s on the right, not the left) with large icons – I even use that layout on Twinview systems (I don’t do the tiny top panel thing, want to maximize the vertical space available). There really was some sense to what Next Step had, and we threw it all away for years chasing Gnome and KDE4 down a visual rabbit hole, wasting screen real estate at the top and bottom with panels and widget bars and whatever. I look forward to Ubuntu providing a desktop system which, by default, lets me have a right-side panel and no other screen-cluttering nonsense.

  89. David Hamm Says:

    Either go 24-hour and Sunday 10/10/2010 or 12-hour and Sunday, October 10, 2010. Not Sunday, 10 October 2010 – it just sounds wrong. Look-in good though. ;) guess is good to build out all the options and then clean up later, ex. sound menu. props.

    btw, what is the bottom left diamond? its scratching away at my soul; is it something pertaining to combining both bars into one to save more space?

  90. Antti Says:

    That sounds like a plan. :)

    I’m not sure however if I understood the concept for the layout right. Is the title bar for a window in the picture with Chromium going to stay? If applications will always be maximized there is no reason to waste vertical space for a seperate title bar. Based on Mr. Shuttleworth’s text I’m in the believe that the title bar is supposed to go away so maby the picture just doesn’t express the final state planned.

    Mark Shuttleworth: That’s correct – the screenshot shows where we are now, not where we hope to get to.

  91. Unity: Ubuntu 的新 Netbook shell | UbuntuHome Says:

    […] Mark Shuttleworth 的 Blog 日志 及 Ars Technica 可了解有关 Unity […]

  92. First Look at the Ubuntu Unity Desktop Environment | Tombuntu Says:

    […] Unity is a new desktop environment designed for netbooks and touch-screen devices. It includes a new panel as well as a new vertical launcher. Unity is build using technologies from GNOME 3, including the Clutter library and the Mutter window manager. […]

  93. Ubuntu 10.10: installare e provare Unity e Light | TUXJournal.net Says:

    […] all’Ubuntu Developer Summit, che si sta svolgendo in questi giorni in Belgio, Shuttleworth ha mostrato al grande pubblico due nuove novità. Stiamo parlando di Ubuntu Unity e Ubuntu Light. Unity è un […]

  94. spc Says:

    Clutter? Why not use Enlightenment Foundation Libraries (EFL) – much lighter …

  95. Daniel Añez Scott Says:

    This is brilliant. Although imo it’s a bit strange to think of ubuntu supporting windows (I’m not criticizing you for that).

    I know this is off-topic, but I read a part of the Q/A session you had on IRC. I noticed you said something about all ubuntu users should have the same experience with a vanilla ubuntu install. And you’ve said before that there should be a flicker-free boot in ubuntu.

    But there’s plymouth splash screen, and a lot of users with nvidia cards use the proprietary drivers in order to have full support for their hardware, and there’s a lot of different behaviors in plymouth for people using those drivers. I could fix the problems but everyone is not so lucky.

    Are there any plans of making a boot splash that just works, disregarding the hardware/drivers you have?

  96. Joe Says:

    Mockups using Comic Sans? Seriously?

  97. markr Says:

    did anyone see adobe put a smokescreen up? aka lawsuit against apple?
    that lawsuit is pretty much about who’s going to have the api to create a new cross-platform desktop environment.

    in the future adobe flash will be the desktop system for almost all small devices, and what’s underneath doesn’t matter as long as the hardware supports it’s features, OpenCL/Directcompute will make adobe’s hardware dreams come true on the pc-side.
    tv/dvr/gameconsoles are already showing signs it’s moving in that direction, so it’s a scary adobe future.

    it’s weird nobody really thinks of adobe as their enemy, besides apple.
    BTW: with smokescreen i mean apple sued Microsoft over patents, and we all know what happened after that :)

  98. First Look At Ubuntu Light And Unity: The Super Fast, Mac-Like Netbook OS | Lifehacker Australia Says:

    […] Light: The web in 7 seconds [via Mark Shuttleworth] Tagged:linuxnetbooksoperating […]

  99. Brian Says:

    Hi Mark,

    This looks remarkably like one of the many ideas I submitted to the Gnome-shell people a while back: http://www.flickr.com/photos/26671354@N05/4111218136/ My idea then was for a retractable side panel that would double as a vertical “Activity Well” when in Overlay Mode.

    With time though, the idea of the application launcher not being omnipresent has grown on me, since it really does make the desktop more minimal. Perhaps it can be mostly off-screen most of the time, and activated by command or hot-zone. For touch implementations, perhaps you can consider ideas like the Palm Pre uses, where a touch sensitive zone actually surrounds the perimeter of the screen, and an inward swipe of a finger can bring the launcher up.

    I also would like to say, I am very much a fan of the multiple desktop implementation of the Gnome-shell, but have never felt it was a good way to make the application launcher, file manager, and multi-desktop manager all into one busy UI. I encourage you to use the desktop and other core concepts from the Gnome-shell, but please “unpack” their overly densely packed suitcase ;) For instance, I really love the basic concept of making the entire desktop into a widget, and having a larger meta-space into which you can zoom out and manage open windows. I hope some form of that functionality transfers into your plans.

    Also, I hope you change the location of the search-bar on the top panel, and make it button-activated. Of course, the top panel is already becoming crowded with notifiers and indicator icons, but short of having some sort of meta-space overlay, I cannot think of where else to put it.

  100. New Netbook UI for Ubuntu « BiteTheByte Says:

    […] Unity and Ubuntu Light blog post Bookmark Tagged as: linux Leave a comment Comments (0) Trackbacks (0) ( subscribe to comments on this post ) […]

  101. Brian Says:

    Sorry to post two in a row, but I might as well make another suggestion. Instead of making a side panel for launching apps, you could save the vertical pixels by making a drop-down launcher that lives “above” the top panel. This in another idea I submitted to Gnome-shell, and is slightly dependent on their use of the application name being shown in the top panel, but Unity could use it too: http://www.flickr.com/photos/26671354@N05/4159983415/in/photostream/ The idea is that when the user clicks on the currently running app’s icon in the top panel whatever holder is in its place before an app is launched), the top panel drops down, and the launchable app icons slide in like the widgets in OSX’s dashboard when the widget layer is activated. Anyway, this method would combine the top panel and the launcher into an even more highly functional beast, and save you lots of sideways pixel space.

  102. Ubuntu Unity, la nueva interfaz que veremos en Ubuntu Unity Netbook Edition | Soft-Libre Says:

    […] el momento de Mark Shuttlewrth, este sorprendió presentando a Ubuntu Unity, una nueva propuesta para la interfaz de Ubuntu Netbook […]

  103. Ubuntu Light: A aposta da Canonical para netbooks no 10.10 « Orgulho Geek Says:

    […] Ontem (10 de maio) Mark Shuttleworth (literalmente, o “dono” do Ubuntu) postou em seu blog algumas poucas informações sobre as novas apostas da gigante da Ilha de Man: O Ubuntu Light e o […]

  104. Ubuntu Light Goes from Zero to Sixty in Zero Seconds Says:

    […] Mark Shuttleworth has this to say about the announcments at his blog: […]

  105. John Howell Says:

    INterface – If built for touch, no windows will really need a very big scroll bar on the right as you will probably drag and flick the windows. However, if there is to be a scroll bar, it needs to be able to be moved to the left for us crippled lefties.

    For the application panel or other chrome, how about an option to auto hide, but reappear on three or four finger tap, or two mousebutton click.
    Use 3d Video for screen scaling – 1024 pixels wide, could scale down 10% when the panels are visible.

    The screen zooming is what really make my iPhone browser useable. I miss it on my netbook.

  106. Sam Spilsbury Says:

    Hi Mark,

    Just wanted to say that it’s great the concept so far doesn’t depend on running any particular window manager like gnome-shell does.

    Just as a question: why are you using mutter when compiz is much faster (since it doesn’t have any clutter overhead). I did some tests with compiz and unity on my eeepc901 and it is far smoother with compiz as a window manager.

  107. Ubuntu Unity Interface Tailored for Netbook Screens | Find Tech News Says:

    […] Shuttleworth is excited about is Unity: an interface specifically enhanced for wider and shorter screens found on netbook devices and […]

  108. Canonical Bringing an Instant-On Ubuntu | JetLib News Says:

    […] netbook and desktop, that are optimized for dual-boot scenarios.” Shuttleworth also took the wraps off Unity, a new lightweight interface that will be included in Ubuntu Light and eventually in Ubuntu Netbook Edition as well. […]

  109. Shuttleworth svela i suoi piani per Ubuntu 10.10: “Unity” ed “Ubuntu Light” « Crismon's Blog Says:

    […] desktop environment progettato appositamente per dispositivi touch-based e per netbook. Nell’articolo pubblicato sul suo blog, Shuttleworth esprime l’evento e la ragione della scelta in questi […]

  110. Marc Schaut Says:

    Hi Mark,

    wozu gibt es den googletranslator? – ich schreibe auf deutsch.

    Mir fehlt bei allen verschiedenen Ubuntu Versionen der zentrale Ansatz. Ist es nicht möglich, ubuntu one als zentrale Verwaltung für alle Installationen zu nutzen? Das heißt, nur noch ein minimales .img mit Unity um alle PC, Netbooks, Pads und Homeserver zentral zu administrieren, Daten abgleichen und eine simple Backupmethode. Die Verteilung der Images kann per torrent erfolgen. So wäre Ubuntu gerade für user ohne Erfahrung sehr einfach als zentrale Anwndung nutzbar. Es sollte einfacher werden.
    Einfach – ist der Schlüssel der ubuntu immer mehr Türen aufsperrt.

    Und hier kommen wir zum Kern: wie bekommen wir mehr und mehr Menschen dazu, dieses System zu nutzen? Genau wie Nintendo müssen wir die User ansprechen, die sich bisher nie wirklich mit einem Betriebssystem befasst haben und das in zukunft auch nicht wollen. Ich denke da an einen virtuellen ubuntuguide – der jedem user – ob 80 oder 8, ermöglicht sehr einfach umzusteigen. Unitiy ist ein guter Schritt für das spezielle Segment – Ubuntu one hat das Potential alle Segmente zu verbinden.

    Summary – a good step in the right direction, but theres a missing link.

    Beside of that: thank you for ubuntu.

  111. Tobi Says:

    Hello Mark,

    I really like the idea and the screenshot of Ubuntu Light. I think the dualboot idea is fantastic – a lot of potential Linux users still wouldn’t by a computer without these ugly stickers from Redmond on it.

    But as you said it will be easy to switch to a more normal version of Ubuntu, will you try to actively encourage it? Will there be a button or a nagging popup saying something like “Do you like this? Why not use the full version?”?

    I am a bit afraid that otherwise people still think of it a bit like they do of Linpus – the poor man’s operating system… I see the danger of the perception of Linux changing from an OS for geeks only to an OS for ancient or cheap computers.

    But the design is fantastic – especially as it’s beautiful, functional and different from Windows/OS X! Great work, and a very inspirational speech!

  112. jhuni Says:

    I was a bit skeptical at first when I saw the changes in Ubuntu 10.04, however, I see what direction we are going in now and it seems good.

    One suggestion: *Corner Targets*, if there is a thing in each of the four corners of the screen those targets are easily accessible because Fitt’s law.

    It would be nice to re-use such an interface so users can access the corners by habit – habit is what counts…

    Users are already developing a habit to access their applications from a target in the lower-left and I see no reason that habit shouldn’t be maintained and supported, so I think it should be agreed across desktop environments/distributions that you can access your applications from the lower-left.

    Conventions like these will make life easier for users.

  113. Unity: la interfaz ligera de Ubuntu « APTICONS Says:

    […] Autor: Ubuntu […]

  114. Radisav Says:

    I am sooo satisfied with the first unr surface delivered with 9.04! In 9.10 it suddenly changed and was so anoying (for me) that I had to downgrade back to 9.04.

    When support for 9.04 ceases, I will change to the gnome desktop. Looking at the above sketched unity dash, all I see is a lot of scrolling (or typing/searching) coming down the road.

  115. Unity: Ubuntu's new Netbook Shell - Desktop applications, Linux system administration, core studies, such as embedded systems and open source some of the basic classification - GNU/LINUX Says:

    […] Mark Shuttleworth's Blog Blog and Ars Technica to learn more information about […]

  116. Ubuntu Light и Unity - новый интерфейс для нетбуков | Another Ubuntu Blog Says:

    […] очень интересный. Марк и разработчики Canonical резонно предлагают разделить использование компьютера на несколько […]

  117. » Unity e Ubuntu Light da Canonical Says:

    […] non abbia mai funzionato a dovere – già da un paio di release: lo stesso Mark Shuttleworth ha illustrato il progetto Unity che è compatibile con le specifiche di freedesktop.org e auspica persino una prossima integrazione […]

  118. Alex Says:


    About the left-hand panel being a problem for 1024×600 netbooks, I’d vouch for that diamond button at the bottom-left to be a toggle on-off for the visibility of that entire panel so it works like an overlay and doesn’t resize the full-screen window at all, and when it is hidden make that diamond button semi-transparent. This would work in a touch environment where there’s no indication of where your finger/cursor is highlighting over as well. If an app wants attention and the panel is hidden perhaps it can just pulsate the icon’s opacity twice over a 1 second timeframe or so but have it “locked” from input so as to not disrupt the full-screen app’s input area, and the only way to access it is to touch the diamond button again to bring back the overlay panel.

    I assume that diamond button is to later “extend” the panel over so that you can pick from a library of apps or something but I like my idea better. :) Or maybe my “hide/unhide overlay panel” idea could be toggled by touching the ubuntu logo at the top-left, but it would be too close to the destructive close button there I’d imagine.

  119. Unity e Light: as novidades do Ubuntu para hardware pequeno « Meio Bit Says:

    […] vapor. Já vimos a criação do menu global para a netbook Edition do sistema, e agora, novamente trazidas por Mark Shuttleworth, temos novidades sobre Unity e […]

  120. marcos Says:

    Hi Mark! ;)
    Will be used Chromium as web browser?
    Chromium has an important issue: Can’t be translated :S and this will break the 2º point of our philosophy: “Every computer user should be able to use their software in the language of their choice”.

    You can read the Xubuntu mail list about this same topic:
    Best regards and thanks for all your dedication :)

  121. Todo lo que necesitas saber » Canonical presenta avances de su interfaz para Netbooks Says:

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  122. Ubuntu Light startar på 7 sekunder | DigiSmart Says:

    […] medlemmen i Ubuntu-familjen och är byggd för att starta snabbt. Riktigt snabbt. Målet är enligt utvecklarna att användaren ska få igång datorn och surfa på internet inom tio […]

  123. Unity y Ubuntu Light, la versión ligera de Ubuntu | Ultimos Avances Says:

    […] Más información | Mark Shuttleworth […]

  124. Ubuntu Light für Netbooks : T e c Z i l l a Says:

    […] Ubuntu Light wollte Canonical-Gründer Mark Shuttleworth vielmehr annehmen, wonach die eigenen Nutzer verlangten: “Es geht nicht darum, wie schnell du zu booten […]

  125. Unity: a lightweight netbook interface for Ubuntu - makin's posterous Says:

    […] A few months ago we took on the challenge of building a version of Ubuntu for the dual-boot, instant-on market. We wanted to be surfing the web in under 10 seconds, and give people a fantastic web experience. We also wanted it to be possible to upgrade from that limited usage model to a full desktop.Source:http://www.markshuttleworth.com/archives/383 […]

  126. Soon on PCs and Laptops: Ubuntu Light – The Geekothon Says:

    […] for a detailed analysis please visit Mark Shuttleworth […]

  127. Chuck Gnarley Says:

    Damn, that looks good.

  128. Andy Says:

    I loved the design, right up until I saw that the design documents use Comic Sans.

    Seriously? Comic Sans… in a design document?

  129. Unity, la nueva interfaz de Ubuntu Netbook Edition (vídeo) Says:

    […] propio Mark Shuttleworth desvelaba este nuevo proyecto en la charla inaugural de la Ubuntu Developer Summit, el cual tiene como objetivo embarcar a la […]

  130. Illmannered Inat Says:

    I’m thinkin… maybe for this thingie Ubuntu (that gift to Linux that just keeps on takin ;)) should’ve nicked the F14 codename. Or shall we then say, nickname.

    It’s “Laughlin”. Laughlin Interface, anyone?

    I’d be laughin anyways if I weren’t hurt so much! I’ve only just started to like Ubuntu and use UNE, and you’re taking it away from me! Drastic changes to UNE. See a thing that ain’t broken, Ubuntu? Quick, quirky, look chipper, fix it! :)

    I guess one has to pass the time of day… well… best of luck!

  131. Ubuntu Unity Caught On Video | Linux Netbook Video Says:

    […] this week's Ubuntu Developer Summit in Brussels, Belgium, Ubuntu founder Mark Shuttleworth unveiled Unity and Ubuntu Light. Ubuntu Light is a new platform targeted at the dual-boot, instant-on market, based on the new […]

  132. chemicaloliver » Testing Ubuntu Unity on my eeepc 901 (with screenshots) Says:

    […] it and then look at it’s features and shortcomings, I won’t repeat everything which has already been written regarding what plans are for the […]

  133. Ubuntu Unity, la nueva interfaz que veremos en Ubuntu Unity Netbook Edition | TobaUntu Says:

    […] el momento de Mark Shuttlewrth, este sorprendió presentando a Ubuntu Unity, una nueva propuesta para la interfaz de Ubuntu Netbook […]

  134. Matt Austin Says:

    Hi Mark. After all the bits I have read about saving vertical space – can I ask why you decided to bring the window title bar back, rather than merge it in to the panel the same way the current netbook edition does?

    Mark Shuttleworth: The panel in Unity is brand new, it doesn’t support the plugins that the old panel did, and so it doesn’t have the piece to put the window title there. But it will gain that during the Maverick development cycle, in time for 10.10 UNE in October.

  135. oliviofarias@blog:~$ » Blog Archive » Unity e Light: as novidades do Ubuntu para hardware pequeno Says:

    […] vapor. Já vimos a criação do menu global para netbook Edition do sistema, e agora, novamente trazidas por Mark Shuttleworth, temos novidades sobre Unity […]

  136. Canonical presenta avances de su interfaz para Netbooks | Noticortos.com Says:

    […] netbooks pero hay planes de llevarlo a equipos de escritorio tradicionales en el corto plazo.Link: Unity, and Ubuntu Light (Mark Shuttleworth) Leer más aquí: Canonical presenta avances de su interfaz para […]

  137. Wut | linux.malyblog.cba.pl Says:

    […] was just taking a look at S-man’s announcement for Ubuntu Unity and Light versions. Most of it is blah, except for this tidbit: … The dual-boot, web-focused use case is […]

  138. Thomas Führinger Says:

    It makes a lot of sense and reminds me of the Hildon UI on my old N770. And the parallels to Etoile are also striking.

  139. Information and Installation Of Unity (A Lightweight Netbook Interface) Ubuntu Netbook Edition (UNE) on Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Desktop | Person @ CREATIVEDESK Says:

    […] Mark Shuttleworth on Unity, and Ubuntu Light […]

  140. tarik Says:


    I installed the ubuntu light on my ubuntu 10.04

    I wondered that it will be a dual boot but it only boot on the ubuntu light

    how can I go back and boot to Ubuntu 10.O4 desktop edition ?

    Sorry for my english


    Mark Shuttleworth: Check the Session menu on the login screen. You should have the choice between GNOME and Unity sessions.

  141. Matuk.com » Nuevas versiones de Ubuntu Says:

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  142. Preview: Ubuntu Unity - Tech Says:

    […] Netbook Remix is on the way. Dubbed Unity, it was discussed at length by Mark Shuttleworth on his blog on Monday. Having been busy with the iPad review and some other back-end goodies for the blog I completely […]

  143. Roger Davies Says:

    Hello, forgive me if I cover something that’s already been written here. its late and I didn’t have time to read all the comments. its just I was thinking about how I use my pc at the moment. I have windows 7 installed and find it is very good, although I have used Ubuntu (and still would if it wasn’t for the wife wanting to play flash games)and found it to be good also. We normally only turn on the computer for the internet, and to listen to music, we do very little else. This distribution would be perfect for that, but adding a dual boot option with time to select from a menu which OS I want would take time.

    Now I’m no programmer, but I was thinking that if this distribution was only a web browser, and a boot loader.

    so the pc always boots into this browser only operating system, where you can browse all you want. Then have the option to boot another OS such as Windows, Linux, BSD, or OSX even, the small web browser OS is removed from memory and the computer would boot as it would have done before.

    Just a thought. I don’t even know if its possible.

  144. Luca Ferretti Says:

    Mark, in your UDS keynote you announced the move from NetworkManager to ConnectionManager too.

    Are you sure this is really good? ConnMan should require less resources, but it also provides less features[1]. Plus it seems ConnMan stores in plain text your passphrases (unless it recently gained this feature). Also, people providing free support on forums and chats will have to learn the internals of both systems.

    Moreover the GNOME UI for ConnMan should be really old and maybe unmaintained, and I suppose you’ll have to create the panel indicator from scratch. Shouldn’t this require the same affort to create a libindicator based UI for NetworkManager? It seems strange to me this is impossible.

    Finally, many GNOME applications query NM to update their status (see Evolution or Empathy, for instance). They’ll have to be patched or there is some D-Bus magic?

    If we’ll really switch to ConnMan, I hope we’ll have proper documentation on our wiki, about features, configurations, issues and so on.


    [1] maybe outdated https://wiki.ubuntu.com/DesktopTeam/ConnectionManagerComparison but I wasn’t able to find any good documentation about ConnMan.

  145. FeedItOut » Blog Archive » Shane Fagan: Ubuntu unity Says:

    […] browser alone. I just love that its made to be more touch/net book oriented. You can find more info here. Go to Top | Read […]

  146. Russell S Says:

    I personally love the set up dual boot set up for my laptop.Ubuntu is probably the best Linux distribution since Knoppix imo.

  147. Unity, la nueva interfaz ligera de Ubuntu | Tux Files Says:

    […] la nueva interfaz ligera de Ubuntu Posted on Mayo 13, 2010 by Develux Segun un anuncio que realizó Mark Shuttelworth en su blog proximamente será lanzado una nueva interfaz llamada […]

  148. Enpassant Says:

    I maximally agree with Aneesh Kumar K.V ( http://www.markshuttleworth.com/archives/383#comment-327725 ).

    “I like the idea of the left menu, but many netbooks have only 1024px of horizontal space. More and more websites seem to be using a 1024px fixed width layout (instead of 800px). With the menu on the left, won’t that cause a lot of horizontal scrolling?

    Mark Shuttleworth: Yes, there’s some risk of an irritating horizontal scrollbar.”

    A solution: The launch panel will hide automatically or manually (click a button on the title bar).

  149. GigasystemsBlog » Blog Archive » Unity y Ubuntu Light, la versión ligera de Ubuntu Says:

    […] información | Mark Shuttleworth […]

  150. Ubuntu: From Humanity to Unity « The Axis of Bozz Says:

    […] offering as Mark Shuttleworth, the founder and former CEO of Canonical, has publicly published, on his blog as a part of this week’s Ubuntu Developer Summit in Belgium, the results of months of research by […]

  151. Lorenzo Marietti Says:

    “That’s correct – the screenshot shows where we are now, not where we hope to get to.”

    The “Start Windows” entry I can see in the 2nd screenshot is very nice. Is there a way to make it work in 10.04?

  152. Русский подкаст об Ubuntu « Дмитрий Агафонов Says:

    […] гидра— Глобальное меню в Netbook Edition — Виндикаторы — Unity и Ubuntu Light — GNOME Shell не будет — На чём заработает Canonical — Canonical и […]

  153. Praveen Says:


    I have been quite pleased with the direction that Canonical is going. I am really happy with the UI direction in specific. Linux has long suffered from lack of a good UI design and glad that your team is stepping up to it.
    There are a couple of things that I think keep missing from the designs.

    Like you mentioned – The focus of an UI should be on the data rather than the chrome.
    If you look at the scroll bars in ambience and radiance theme, they are ‘fat’. For a desktop, that looks too prominent and ugly. The buttons meet the same fate. They are oddly colored and big. I have been a long user of gnome and ubuntu and everytime I get the OS, I need to change the metacity theme, gtk theme, modify panels, to make something that is consistent and easy on the eyes. The last theme I liked was Dichotomy but that had metacity theme that wasnt good. I do agree that most of what I mention is more of a personal style, but the point being, that there is no co-ordination between these different components that make up a gnome desktop. I thought it was ‘its me’ issue, until I came across Kde 4.4.2. I used to refrain from KDE, but with kde 4.4.2, thought will give it a try. Like in gnome, I felt the UI had some quirks, then came along Qtcurve’s Ozone theme. I think, this is an awesome implementation of an UI. The elements blend well and even the gtk applications look great. The ‘chrome’ shows less and the context is in focus always in every area. This is something I think, UI teams should learn from.

    Also, Kubuntu should probably get the Ubuntu colors of purple and orange. The combination is wonderful, its fun and professional and gives a refreshed look to the OS. It looks like a desktop for 2010 and not a desktop from 1990’s.

    In all, good luck with whatever you do.

  154. The Week Link – 10.05.15 « The-Source.com Says:

    […] Unity, and Ubuntu Light […]

  155. XXX Says:


  156. novatillasku.com » Blog Archive » Unity en mi Lucid Lynx Says:

    […] dia 10 de este mes, Mark Shttleworth nos hablaba en su blog sobre Unity, pensado especialmente para las Netbooks y el aprovechamiento del espacio vertical. […]

  157. Andrey Says:

    Tom B says: (permalink)
    March 29th, 2010 at 2:00 am
    First, a disclaimer (so you know where I’m coming from): I’m a convert from Windows (and before that, Macintosh in the pre-OSX days). I’ve been using Ubuntu as my only OS since v7.10.

    A while ago (I don’t recall what version it was), Ubuntu removed the control-alt-backspace key combination to reboot X to make things “easier” and “less confusing”. For me it did neither. Now, ironically enough, this is one of the *few* key combinations that I use — normally, I depend on the GUI to control things. While this keystroke issue was, of course, resolved, it illustrates a very important point: change the defaults if you feel you must, but *always* provide a way for users to put the darn thing *back* if they want. An example from 10.04 would be the position and order of the window buttons. As someone who uses those buttons *a lot*, I will tell you that I fully intend to put the darned things back where they “belong” if they indeed are moved. Changes that seem fine for one person will upset the whole workflow for another and be unacceptable. Asking people to change the way they work, because *you* feel it’s a better solution isn’t very “user-friendly”. Some of us are pretty stuck in our ways.

    One of the things people like about Linux is the way it allows them to work *their* way, and not Gates’ or Job’s (or Shuttleworth’s for that matter). Button positions, tooltips, and other such brick-a-brack (icons on the desktop, anyone?), need to be configurable. And, since they are GUI elements, the configuration should be a GUI Preferences window, rather than digging into the depths of /etc using VI or EMACS. I know that last point goes against the grain of First Generation Unix/Linux people, but there you go.

    Just my $0.02.


    I have some very deep-set habits when it comes to basic elements such as the notification bar, and when they change as radically as in Lucid, it can be a pain in the !@#$. Please, add an option to make it the way I’m used to it. Radical design changes are only good if the thing that’s being changed is annoying and making me less productive, which the notification bar wasn’t. Apps shouldn’t lose features just because somebody thinks they shoul. In the meantime, I’m downgrading my Transmission to get my old button back.

    p.s. I really like the mail button in the new indicator applet, but the volume should be a vertical slider. Transmission in the new indicator applet is terrible compared to the old one- no tooltip showing speeds, no way to quickly open and close the main window (through left clicking).

  158. jado92mx Says:

    I always wanted to say this: Very good and popular concepts incorporated in a new, innovating way into the Ubuntu GUI ;)


  159. Unity y Ubuntu Light – C-1/3/4/8/4/ Says:

    […] de Ubuntu más es porque no contabas con la astucia de Mark Shuttleworth, que con este largo anuncio en su blog presentó Unity y Ubuntu […]

  160. danitxu.com » Techfreedom Berriak 20100503+14 Says:

    […] Nuevos proyectos de Ubuntu: Unity y Ubuntu Light y Ubuntu Core […]

  161. Подкасты – Ubuntu Podcast: Выпуск #4 – Глазастая гидра « webghost.info Says:

    […] меню в Netbook Edition – Виндикаторы – Unity и Ubuntu Light – GNOME Shell не будет – На чём заработает Canonical – Canonical […]

  162. arno Says:

    Why in creation did Canonical/Shuttleworth/whoever choose the name Unity?
    There is already a Linux Distribution with this name! Very poor choice.

    Now people will think I use Ubuntu when I tell them about Unity, As if Ubuntu would not get enough attention without using such [insert negative wording here] methodes. oh thank you so much.

    Unity is NOT Ubuntu.

  163. To fancy is free « No More Sunday Jitters Says:

    […] Cordelia up quickly, I could then boot in Ubuntu. The UNR based on Lucid Lynx has been released. Ubuntu Light also looks promising, but the full version’s not out yet. A screenshot of Ubuntu […]

  164. Gordon Schumacher Says:

    Has anyone else noticed it “jumping” back to the top when launching another application? I effectively can’t run anything because the launcher is always obscuring anything else…

  165. Unity e Ubuntu Light Says:

    […] Shutleworth […]

  166. Canonical apresenta Ubuntu Light e Unity | SOFTWARE DE TODOS Says:

    […] screenshots em: http://www.canonical.com/products/unity Mais no anúncio oficial: http://www.markshuttleworth.com/archives/383 Fonte: […]

  167. Roberto Says:

    It looks a lot like Maemo 4:

  168. tapioca Says:

    Interesting.. I was watching the Google Keynote where they show that the future is on the web and now Ubuntu is focusing on bringing the web to the user as fast as possible. I’m not hating where this is going

  169. Jarek Says:

    dear Mark i have few requests:

    1) there should be graphical grub
    2) new style on Ubu 10.04 is cool but still its far behind after Windows 7, which is lookin real beautiful, and U cant do that with gnome-looks.org anyway.
    3) Ubuntu should be released with some NEW changes – in installation process there should be an option to choose to install non free codecs, gstreams etc
    4) Make a good release without so many BUGS! release Ubuntu not every 6 months but even every 8-12 months as perfect as it can be.


  170. filco Says:

    Excelente esa es la forma de innovar en la industria Felicitaciones


    How one can develop application under ubuntu

  172. Claudio Says:

    i really love Canononical and i wanna thank you for the deliver of Ubuntu desktop edition directly to my home!!!!Thank you very much again, i will start a collection!

  173. Claudio Says:


  174. Cursos oficiais Ubuntu: Ubuntu Desktop, Ubuntu Certified Professional, Ubuntu Server, Cloud Computing, videos, dicas, migração, consultoria com representantes oficias Ubuntu Brasil. Says:

    […] para computadores OEM Netbook com uma interface leve e com menus mais a mão, que leva o nome de Unity. Vídeo da apresentação do […]

  175. اوبونتو ۱۰.۱۰ با ظاهری جدید | پلت ولگ Says:

    […] شاتل ورث ورژن های سبکتری از اوبونتو رو در ۱۰.۱۰ معرفی کرد. یکی از این ورژن ها که برای وب بهینه سازی شده است Unity نام […]

  176. Русский подкаст об Ubuntu Says:

    […] Глобальное меню в Netbook Edition — Виндикаторы — Unity и Ubuntu Light — GNOME Shell не будет — На чём заработает Canonical — Canonical и […]